309Write - 4 diseases that causes death
1. heart disease
Heart disease has been the leading cause of death in India for more than two decades, driven by unhealthy diets that lead to high blood pressure, accumulation of blood fats (plaques) within the artery walls, lethargy, obesity and smoking.
2- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including pulmonary hypertension, occupational lung disease, and interstitial lung disease, causes irreversible damage to the airways and other lung structures to reduce respiratory capacity. Lung disease is not curable, but it can be controlled with treatments that widen the main airways and improve shortness of breath. Smoking, air pollution, occupational chemicals, dust, and frequent lower respiratory infections exacerbate lung disease.
Diarrheal diseases are one of the leading causes of death for children under the age of five, killing between 800,000 and one million children, admitting 900,000 children and causing 327,000 visits to the clinic each year. The addition of a rotavirus vaccine to India's comprehensive vaccination program in 2016 to protect children from the leading cause of acute diarrhea in young children helped bring the numbers down quickly.
Stroke, which was ranked the sixth leading cause of death in 2005, has become the fourth leading cause of death in India. The risk factors for stroke, also known as cerebrovascular disease, are the same as for heart disease, but the disability caused by stroke is usually greater, as it can cause partial or complete paralysis.